Coffee Beans – Types and Description Of Each Type

These are the different types of coffee beans and how they are different from one another.

COFFEE BEANS – Drinking coffee every day has become a staple for many people and here are some things to know about coffee beans.

Everyone recognizes a roasted coffee bean, but do you know where these beans have come from? The beans come from the coffee plant, a bush-like plant where cherries grow, and inside it is where you’ll find a pair of coffee beans. They are called beans but really, they are seeds.

Coffee Beans

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There are over 120 varieties of plants, each producing a different type of bean. And in the world, two variants that people consume are Robusta or also called Coffea Robusta or Coffea Canephora and Arabica or Coffea Arabica.

Find out the four types of beans:

  • Arabica Coffee [Beans] (Coffea arabica)
    This type makes up 60 percent of the coffee in the world. Since this bean is harder to grow, this is also pricier compared to others.
  • Robusta Coffee [Beans] (Coffea caniphora)
    This is one of the most popular next to Arabica. The beans of this variety are larger and rounder. It also tastes more bitter and has a strong smell.
  • Liberica Coffee [Beans] (Coffea liberica)
    This is native to Liberia in Africa, which explains its name. Accordingly, its taste has a “wild inconsistency”. In the Philippines, it is widely known as the “kapeng barako” (Barako coffee).
  • Excelsa Coffee [Beans] (Coffea excelsa)
    This is a Liberica variant and has a dark-roasted flavor.

Based on a post from Coffee Affection, here are some tips that will help you determine the kind of bean that best suits your taste:

  1. 100% Arabica has the “best possible flavor”.
  2. Robusta or a blend of Arabica and Robusta is the best choice if you’d like some extra kick of caffeine but are budget-friendly.
  3. Liberica or Excelsa is best if you want to drink something that is not usual.


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